Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria
Bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia. The climate is arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer.
The ethnic groups include 99% Arab-Berber and less than 1% European. They speak Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects.
Form of Government: Republic.
Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second largest gas exporter; it ranks fourteenth for oil reserves. Hydrocarbons sector accounts for about 52% of budget revenues, 95% of export earnings, and over 25% of gross domestic product.
Railways total:4,820 km (301 km electrified; 215 km double track); Highways total:104,000 km; Pipelines crude oil 6,612 km; petroleum products 298 km; natural gas 2,948 km ; Ports and harbors Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Beni Saf, Dellys, Djendjene, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda, Tenes; Airports 137 (1999 est.)
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